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Clinical Nutrition

Clinical nutrition is widely accepted in clinical practice. Before starting artificial nutritional support, the integrity and function of the gastrointestinal tract must be assessed to determine if nutrients should be administered enterally, parenterally or by both routes combined.

Parenteral Nutrition

Parenteral nutrition (PN) is defined as the supply of vital nutrients bypassing the digestive tract. Parenteral nutrition becomes necessary when it is not possible for the body to ingest sufficient nutrients via the oral/enteral route and to utilize these nutrients adequately. The choice between the enteral or parenteral route is decided very simply by the question "Is the gastrointestinal tract functional?"